authors/bcardiff.jpg Brian J. Cardiff 27 Aug 2018

Crystal 0.26.1 released!

Crystal 0.26.1 has been released!

This release is mainly focused on regression bugs discovered on 0.26.0. There were 39 commits since 0.26.0 by 15 contributors.

Although we try to test as much as possible before each release. During 0.26.0 it was more difficult than usual because of some limitation to override nested dependencies. Luckily for this release dependencies are already updated and at the same time there was bit of work in test-ecosystem to improve what is covered.

Let’s review some of the most relevant changes in this release. But don’t miss the rest of the release changelog with lots of valuable information.

Language changes

Make self to be eager evaluated when including modules.

When referencing the current type as self, for example when including a module, self will now means the current lexical type. Before, and sine 0.22, the self was resolved to the lowest type in the hierarchy.

Thanks to some other fixes included in 0.26.0, and the amount of metaprogramming in lucky_record we noticed that the change introduced in 0.22 broke the substitution principle. Luckily now it is fixed!

To understand this change let’s suppose we have a the following type hierarchy: Human < Mammal, Cat < Mammal. And we have a TalkTo module defined as follows:

module TalkTo(T)
  def talk_to(t : T)
    puts "#{self} is talking to #{t}"

If we want to make all mammals be able to talk to each other then the following snippet will do:

abstract class Mammal
  include TalkTo(self)

class Human < Mammal

class Cat < Mammal

sabrina =
salem =
hilda =

Any instance instance of mammal will have a #talk_to(t : Mammal) method. Hence sabrina.talk_to(salem) would compile.

But if we need a less magical world we would need to include TalkTo(self) in each of the classes that inherit Mammal. In order to add some programmer’s happiness, if we want to state that each concrete class should have a method talk_to accepting only instance of the same class, then we need some metaprogramming.

abstract class Mammal
  macro inherited
    include TalkTo({{@type}})

With the last snippet sabrina.talk_to(salem) would not compile. But sabrina.talk_to(hilda) would.

Before this release the include TalkTo(self) was the same as macro inherited; include TalkTo({{@type}}); end. Read more at #6557.

Add accepts_block? macro method to Def.

In macros you can iterate the methods defined in a type with @type.methods. Sometimes you might need to know if the method can be called with a block in order to get the job done. From this release, inside macros, you can use #accepts_block? to know that information. Read more at #6604

HTTP and Networking related changes

With the recent changes in the HTTP::Server there was a security issue introduced that allows servers with self-signed certificates to crash if the client send wrong certificate information. Now the code is more resilient to issues related to establish the connection between peers. Read more at #6590.

In 0.26.0 a method #bind_ssl and calls #bind with a ssl:// scheme were added. This should have been #bind_tls and tls://. So in this release the ssl are marked as deprecated and tls were added. Web frameworks should not need updates regarding this changes until 0.27. Read more at #6533 and #6551.

Windows support progress

The spec framework of the std lib can now be used in Windows. Read more at #6497. In case you want to read even more about the ongoing efforts related to Windows, please read the wiki.

Other changes

There was some improvements regarding how STDIN/STDOUT/STDERR are handled. The introduced changes should avoid breaking other programs that uses them at the same time. For example, when using pipe operator in bash. Read more at #6518.

Applying transformations in keys and values of a hash became even easier with Hash#transform_keys and Hash#transform_values. Read more at #4385.

Next step

Please update your Crystal and report any issues. If there are regression or blocking issues with 0.26.1, a 0.26.2 could be released earlier. But most likely we will be moving forward with 0.27.0 as next release.

The development is possible thanks to the community’s effort, 84codes’ support, and every BountySource supporter.